The United Nations and major partners
- The central body in this context is the UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA).
OCHA cooperates closely with the various UN aid organisations, with the International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement and with non-governmental organisations.
OCHA also administers the UN Central Emergency Response Fund (CERF), which provides resources for early intervention in crisis situations and ensures a balance in humanitarian aid by earmarking money for otherwise underfunded crises.
Donors are organised in the OCHA Donor Support Group (ODSG), which currently has 25 members, including Germany.
- The central forums for dialogue between donors and recipients are the UN General Assembly and the Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC).
The General Assembly focuses on humanitarian issues in the second half of each year, adopting, usually by consensus, a number of resolutions dealing among other things with the framework conditions for international humanitarian aid and the UN’s specific tasks in this sphere.
ECOSOC looks at humanitarian issues every year at its meeting in July, concentrating, in line with its mandate, on operative and coordination aspects of humanitarian assistance.